[转]pythonmode英文说明书

pythonmode是使用vim开发python的重要插件。

现将pythonmode的使用说明书英文版全文收录如下:

*pymode.txt* *python-mode.txt* *pymode* *python-mode*

 ____ _ _ ____ _ _ _____ _ _ __ __ _____ ____ ____ ~ ( _ \( \/ )(_ _)( )_( )( _ )( \( )___( \/ )( _ )( _ \( ___) ~ )___/ \ / )( ) _ ( )(_)( ) ((___)) ( )(_)( )(_) ))__) ~ (__) (__) (__) (_) (_)(_____)(_)\_) (_/\/\_)(_____)(____/(____) ~ Version: 0.8.1 ==============================================================================
CONTENTS *pymode-contents* 1.Intro.......................................................|pymode-intro| 2.Common functionality.......................................|pymode-common| 2.1 Python version...............................|pymode-python-version| 2.2 Python indentation...................................|pymode-indent| 2.3 Python folding......................................|pymode-folding| 2.4 Vim motion...........................................|pymode-motion| 2.5 Show documentation............................|pymode-documentation| 2.6 Support virtualenv...............................|pymode-virtualenv| 2.7 Run code................................................|pymode-run| 2.8 Breakpoints.....................................|pymode-breakpoints| 3. Code checking...............................................|pymode-lint| 4. Rope support................................................|pymode-rope| 4.1 Code completion..................................|pymode-completion| 4.2 Find definition.................................|pymode-rope-findit| 4.3 Refactoring................................|pymode-rope-refactoring| 4.4 Undo/Redo changes.................................|pymode-rope-undo| 5. Syntax....................................................|pymode-syntax| 6.FAQ...........................................................|pymode-faq| 7.Credits...................................................|pymode-credits| 8.License...................................................|pymode-license| ==============================================================================
1. Intro ~ *pymode-intro* Python-mode is a vim plugin that allows you to use the pylint, rope, and pydoc
libraries in vim to provide features like python code bug checking,
refactoring, and some other useful things. This plugin allows you to create python code in vim very easily. There is no
need to install the pylint or rope libraries on your system. Python-mode contains all you need to develop python applications in Vim. Features: *pymode-features* - Support Python version 2.6+ and 3.2+
- Syntax highlighting
- Virtualenv support
- Run python code (``<leader>r``)
- Add/remove breakpoints (``<leader>b``)
- Improved Python indentation
- Python folding
- Python motions and operators (``]]``, ``3[[``, ``]]M``, ``vaC``, ``viM``, ``daC``, ``ciM``, ...)
- Code checking (pylint_, pyflakes_, pylama_, ...) that can be run simultaneously (``:PymodeLint``)
- Autofix PEP8 errors (``:PymodeLintAuto``)
- Search in python documentation (``K``)
- Code refactoring <rope refactoring library> (rope_)
- Strong code completion (rope_)
- Go to definition (``<C-c>g`` for `:RopeGotoDefinition`)
- And more, more ... ==============================================================================
2. Common functionality ~ *pymode-common* This script provides the following options that can customizes the behavior of
PythonMode. These options should be set in your |vimrc|. Bellow shows the default values. Turn on the whole plugin *'g:pymode'*
> let g:pymode = 1 Turn off plugin's warnings *'g:pymode_warnings'*
> let g:pymode_warnings = 1 Add paths to `sys.path` *'g:pymode_paths'*
Value is list of path's strings. > let g:pymode_paths = [] Trim unused white spaces on save *'g:pymode_trim_whitespaces'*
> let g:pymode_trim_whitespaces = 1 Setup default python options *'g:pymode_options'*
> let g:pymode_options = 1 If this option is set to 1, pymode will enable the following options for
python buffers: > setlocal complete+=t setlocal formatoptions-=t if v:version > 702 && !&relativenumber setlocal number endif setlocal nowrap setlocal textwidth=79 setlocal commentstring=#%s setlocal define=^\s*\\(def\\\\|class\\) Setup pymode |quickfix| window *'g:pymode_quickfix_maxheight'* *'g:pymode_quickfix_minheight'*
> let g:pymode_quickfix_minheight = 3 let g:pymode_quickfix_maxheight = 6 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2.1. Python version ~ *pymode-python-version* By default pymode looks for current python version supported in your Vim. You could choose prefer version, but value will be tested on loading. *'g:pymode_python'* > let g:pymode_python = 'python' Values are `python`, `python3`, `disable`. If value set to `disable` most
python-features of **pymode** will be disabled. Set value to `python3` if you are working with python3 projects. You could use
|exrc| ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2.2 Python indentation ~ *pymode-indent* Pymode supports PEP8-compatible python indent.
Enable pymode indentation *'g:pymode_indent'*
> let g:pymode_indent = [] ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2.3 Python folding ~ *pymode-folding* Fast and usual python folding in Vim.
Enable pymode folding *'g:pymode_folding'*
> let g:pymode_folding = 1 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2.4 Vim motion ~ *pymode-motion* Support Vim motion (See |operator|) for python objects (such as functions,
class and methods). `C` — means class
`M` — means method or function *pymode-motion-keys* ================ ============================
Key Command
================ ============================
[[ Jump to previous class or function (normal, visual, operator modes)
]] Jump to next class or function (normal, visual, operator modes)
[M Jump to previous class or method (normal, visual, operator modes)
]M Jump to next class or method (normal, visual, operator modes)
aC Select a class. Ex: vaC, daC, yaC, caC (normal, operator modes)
iC Select inner class. Ex: viC, diC, yiC, ciC (normal, operator modes)
aM Select a function or method. Ex: vaM, daM, yaM, caM (normal, operator modes)
iM Select inner function or method. Ex: viM, diM, yiM, ciM (normal, operator modes)
================ ============================ Enable pymode-motion *'g:pymode_motion'*
> let g:pymode_motion = 1 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2.5 Show documentation ~ *pymode-documentation* Pymode could show documentation for current word by `pydoc`. Commands:
*:PymodeDoc* <args> — show documentation Turns on the documentation script *'g:pymode_doc'*
> let g:pymode_doc = 1 Bind keys to show documentation for current word (selection) *'g:pymode_doc_bind'*
> let g:pymode_doc_bind = 'K' ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2.6 Support virtualenv ~ *pymode-virtualenv* Commands:
*:PymodeVirtualenv* <path> -- Activate virtualenv (path is related to
current working directory) Enable automatic virtualenv detection *'g:pymode_virtualenv'*
> let g:pymode_virtualenv = 1 Set path to virtualenv manually *'g:pymode_virtualenv_path'*
> let g:pymode_virtualenv_path = $VIRTUAL_ENV ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2.7 Run code ~ *pymode-run* Commands:
*:PymodeRun* -- Run current buffer or selection Turn on the run code script *'g:pymode_run'*
> let g:pymode_run = 1 Binds keys to run python code *'g:pymode_run_bind'*
> let g:pymode_run_bind = '<leader>r' ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2.8 Breakpoints ~ *pymode-breakpoints* Pymode automatically detects available debugger (like pdb, ipdb, pudb) and user
can set/unset breakpoint with one key and without code checking and etc. Enable functionality *'g:pymode_breakpoint'*
> let g:pymode_breakpoint = 1 Bind keys
> let g:pymode_breakpoint_bind = '<leader>b' Manually set breakpoint command (leave empty for automatic detection)
> let g:pymode_breakpoint_cmd = '' ==============================================================================
3. Code checking ~ *pymode-lint* Pymode supports `pylint`, `pep257`, `pep8`, `pyflakes`, `mccabe` code
checkers. You could run several similar checkers. Pymode uses Pylama library for code checking. Many options like skip files, errors and etc could be defined in `pylama.ini` file or modelines. Check Pylama documentation for details. Pylint options (ex. disable messages) may be defined in `$HOME/pylint.rc` See pylint documentation. Commands:
*:PymodeLint* -- Check code in current buffer
*:PymodeLintToggle* -- Toggle code checking
*:PymodeLintAuto* -- Fix PEP8 errors in current buffer automatically Turn on code checking *'g:pymode_lint'*
> let g:pymode_lint = 1 Check code on every save (if file has been modified) *'g:pymode_lint_on_write'*
> let g:pymode_lint_on_write = 1 Check code on every save (every) *'g:pymode_lint_unmodified'*
> let g:pymode_lint_unmodified = 0 Check code when editing (on the fly) *'g:pymode_lint_on_fly'*
> let g:pymode_lint_on_fly = 0 Show error message if cursor placed at the error line *'g:pymode_lint_message'*
> let g:pymode_lint_message = 1 Default code checkers (you could set several) *'g:pymode_lint_checkers'*
> let g:pymode_lint_checkers = ['pyflakes', 'pep8', 'mccabe'] Values may be chosen from: `pylint`, `pep8`, `mccabe`, `pep257`, `pyflakes`. Skip errors and warnings *'g:pymode_lint_ignore'*
E.g. "E501,W002", "E2,W" (Skip all Warnings and Errors that starts with E2) and etc
> let g:pymode_lint_ignore = "E501,W" Select some error or warnings. *'g:pymode_lint_select'*
By example you disable all warnings starting from 'W', but want to see warning 'W0011' and warning 'W430'
> let g:pymode_lint_select = "E501,W0011,W430" Sort errors by relevance *'g:pymode_lint_sort'*
If not empty, errors will be sort by defined relevance
E.g. let g:pymode_lint_sort = ['E', 'C', 'I'] " Errors first 'E',
after them 'C' and ...
> let g:pymode_lint_sort = [] Auto open cwindow (quickfix) if any errors have been found *'g:pymode_lint_cwindow'*
> let g:pymode_lint_cwindow = 1 Place error |signs| *'g:pymode_signs'*
> let g:pymode_lint_signs = 1 Definitions for |signs|
> let g:pymode_lint_todo_symbol = 'WW' let g:pymode_lint_comment_symbol = 'CC' let g:pymode_lint_visual_symbol = 'RR' let g:pymode_lint_error_symbol = 'EE' let g:pymode_lint_info_symbol = 'II' let g:pymode_lint_pyflakes_symbol = 'FF' ==============================================================================
3. Rope support ~ *pymode-rope* Pymode supports Rope refactoring operations, code completion and code assists. Commands:
|:PymodeRopeAutoImport| -- Resolve import for element under cursor
|:PymodeRopeModuleToPackage| -- Convert current module to package
|:PymodeRopeNewProject| -- Open new Rope project in current working directory
|:PymodeRopeRedo| -- Redo changes from last refactoring
|:PymodeRopeRegenerate| -- Regenerate the project cache
|:PymodeRopeRenameModule| -- Rename current module
|:PymodeRopeUndo| -- Undo changes from last refactoring Turn on the rope script *'g:pymode_rope'*
> let g:pymode_rope = 1 .ropeproject Folder ~ *.ropeproject* *:PymodeRopeNewProject* [<path>] -- Open new Rope project in the given path
*:PymodeRopeRegenerate* -- Regenerate the project cache Rope uses a folder inside projects for holding project configuration and data.
Its default name is `.ropeproject`. It is recommended that you do not add the
.ropeproject folder to version control system. Currently it is used for things such as: * The config.py file in this folder contains project configuration. Have a look at the default config.py file (which is created when it does not exist) for more information.
* It can be used for saving project history, so that the next time you open the project you can undo past changes.
* It can be used to save information about object inferences.
* It can be used to save a global name cache, which is used for auto-import. By default, if `.ropeproject` is not found in the current directory, rope will
look recursively for it in parent folders. Warning: If rope finds `.ropeproject` in a parent dir, it will use it with
all its child directories, which may slow scanning down (because of many,
possibly unrelated, files) Enable searching for |.ropeproject| in parent directories *'g:pymode_rope_lookup_project'*
> let g:pymode_rope_lookup_project = 0 You can also manually set the rope project directory. If not specified rope will
use the current directory. *'g:pymode_rope_project_root'*
> let g:pymode_rope_project_root = "" The location of the `.ropeproject` folder may also be overridden if you wish to
keep it outside of your project root. The rope library treats this folder as a
project resource, so the path will always be relative to your proejct root (a
leading '/' will be ignored). You may use `'..'` path segments to place the
folder outside of your project root. *'g:pymode_rope_ropefolder'*
> let g:pymode_rope_ropefolder='.ropeproject' Show documentation for element under cursor ~ Show documentation for object under cursor. *'g:pymode_rope_show_doc_bind'*
Leave empty to disable the key binding.
> let g:pymode_rope_show_doc_bind = '<C-c>d' Regenerate project cache on every save (if file has been modified)
> let g:pymode_rope_regenerate_on_write = 1 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
4.1 Completion ~ *pymode-completion* By default you can use <Ctrl-Space> for autocompletion. The first entry will
be automatically selected and you can press <Return> to insert the entry in
your code. <C-X><C-O> and <C-P>/<C-N> works too. Autocompletion is also called by typing a period in |Insert| mode by default. Turn on code completion support in the plugin *'g:pymode_rope_completion'*
> let g:pymode_rope_completion = 1 Turn on autocompletion when typing a period *'g:pymode_rope_complete_on_dot'*
> let g:pymode_rope_complete_on_dot = 1 Keymap for autocomplete *'g:pymode_rope_completion_bind'*
> let g:pymode_rope_completion_bind = '<C-Space>' Extended autocompletion (rope could complete objects which have not been
imported) from project *'g:pymode_rope_autoimport'*
> let g:pymode_rope_autoimport = 1 Load modules to autoimport by default *'g:pymode_rope_autoimport_modules'*
> let g:pymode_rope_autoimport_modules = ['os', 'shutil', 'datetime']) Offer to unresolved import object after completion.
> let g:pymode_rope_autoimport_import_after_complete = 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
4.2 Find definition ~ *pymode-rope-findit* By default when you press *<C-C>g* on any object in your code you will be moved
to definition. Leave empty for disable key binding. *'g:pymode_rope_goto_definition_bind'*
> let g:pymode_rope_goto_definition_bind = '<C-c>g' Command for open window when definition has been found
Values are (`e`, `new`, `vnew`) *'g:pymode_rope_goto_definition_cmd'*
> let g:pymode_rope_goto_definition_cmd = 'new' ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
4.3 Refactoring ~ *pymode-rope-refactoring* Rename method/function/class/variable in the project ~ Pymode can rename everything: classes, functions, modules, packages, methods,
variables and keyword arguments. Keymap for rename method/function/class/variables under cursor *'g:pymode_rope_rename_bind'*
> let g:pymode_rope_rename_bind = '<C-c>rr' Rename a current module/package ~ *:PymodeRopeRenameModule* -- Rename current module Keymap for rename current module *'g:pymode_rope_rename_module_bind'*
> let g:pymode_rope_rename_module_bind = '<C-c>r1r' Imports ~ *:PymodeRopeAutoImport* -- Resolve import for element under cursor Organize imports sorts imports, too. It does that according to PEP8. Unused
imports will be dropped.
Keymap *'g:pymode_rope_organize_imports_bind'*
> let g:pymode_rope_organize_imports_bind = '<C-c>ro' Insert import for current word under cursor *'g:pymode_rope_autoimport_bind'*
Should be enabled |'g:pymode_rope_autoimport'|
> let g:pymode_rope_autoimport_bind = '<C-c>ra' Convert module to package ~ *'g:pymode_rope_module_to_package_bind'* *:PymodeRopeModuleToPackage* -- convert current module to package Keybinding:
> let g:pymode_rope_module_to_package_bind = '<C-c>r1p' Extract method/variable ~ *pymode-rope-extract* Extract method/variable from selected lines. *'g:pymode_rope_extract_method_bind'* *'g:pymode_rope_extract_variable_bind'*
> let g:pymode_rope_extract_method_bind = '<C-c>rm' let g:pymode_rope_extract_variable_bind = '<C-c>rl' Use function ~ *pymode-rope-use* It tries to find the places in which a function can be used and changes the
code to call it instead.
> let g:pymode_rope_use_function_bind = '<C-c>ru' Move method/fields ~ *pymode-rope-move* It happens when you perform move refactoring on a method of a class. In this
refactoring, a method of a class is moved to the class of one of its
attributes. The old method will call the new method. If you want to change all
of the occurrences of the old method to use the new method you can inline it
afterwards.
> let g:pymode_rope_move_bind = '<C-c>rv' Change function signature ~
> let g:pymode_rope_change_signature_bind = '<C-c>rs' ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
4.4 Undo/Redo changes ~ *pymode-rope-undo* *pymode-rope-redo* Commands: *:PymodeRopeUndo* -- Undo last changes in the project
*:PymodeRopeRedo* -- Redo last changes in the project ==============================================================================
5. Syntax ~ *pymode-syntax* Turn on pymode syntax *'g:pymode_syntax'*
> let g:pymode_syntax = 1 Slower syntax synchronization that is better at handling code blocks in
docstrings. Consider disabling this on slower hardware. *'g:pymode_syntax_slow_sync'*
> let g:pymode_syntax_slow_sync = 1 Enable all python highlights *'g:pymode_syntax_all'*
> let g:pymode_syntax_all = 1 Highlight "print" as a function *'g:pymode_syntax_print_as_function'*
> let g:pymode_syntax_print_as_function = 0 Highlight '=' operator *'g:pymode_syntax_highlight_equal_operator'*
> let g:pymode_syntax_highlight_equal_operator = g:pymode_syntax_all Highlight '*' operator *'g:pymode_syntax_highlight_stars_operator'*
> let g:pymode_syntax_highlight_stars_operator = g:pymode_syntax_all Highlight 'self' keyword *'g:pymode_syntax_highlight_self'*
> let g:pymode_syntax_highlight_self = g:pymode_syntax_all Highlight indent's errors *'g:pymode_syntax_indent_errors'*
> let g:pymode_syntax_indent_errors = g:pymode_syntax_all Highlight space's errors *'g:pymode_syntax_space_errors'*
> let g:pymode_syntax_space_errors = g:pymode_syntax_all Highlight string formatting *'g:pymode_syntax_string_formatting'* *'g:pymode_syntax_string_format'* *'g:pymode_syntax_string_templates'* *'g:pymode_syntax_doctests'*
> let g:pymode_syntax_string_formatting = g:pymode_syntax_all let g:pymode_syntax_string_format = g:pymode_syntax_all let g:pymode_syntax_string_templates = g:pymode_syntax_all let g:pymode_syntax_doctests = g:pymode_syntax_all Highlight builtin objects (True, False, ...) *'g:pymode_syntax_builtin_objs'*
> let g:pymode_syntax_builtin_objs = g:pymode_syntax_all Highlight builtin types (str, list, ...) *'g:pymode_syntax_builtin_types'*
> let g:pymode_syntax_builtin_types = g:pymode_syntax_all Highlight exceptions (TypeError, ValueError, ...) *'g:pymode_syntax_highlight_exceptions'*
> let g:pymode_syntax_highlight_exceptions = g:pymode_syntax_all Highlight docstrings as pythonDocstring (otherwise as pythonString) *'g:pymode_syntax_docstrings'*
> let g:pymode_syntax_docstrings = g:pymode_syntax_all ==============================================================================
6. FAQ ~ *pymode-faq* Python-mode doesn't work
------------------------ Open any python file and run ":call pymode#troubleshooting#test()",
fix the warning or send me the output. Rope completion is very slow *pymode-rope-slow*
---------------------------- Rope creates a project-level service directory in |.ropeproject| If ``.ropeproject`` is not found in the current directory, rope will walk
upwards looking for a ``.ropeproject`` in every dir of the parent path. If
rope finds ``.ropeproject`` in a parent dir, it sets the project for all child
dirs and the scan may be slow for so many dirs and files. Solutions: - Delete `.ropeproject` from the parent dir to make rope create `.ropeproject` in the current dir.
- Run ``:PymodeRopeNewProject`` to make rope create ``.ropeproject`` in the current dir.
- Set |'g:pymode_rope_lookup_project'| to 0 for prevent searching in parent dirs. You may also set |'g:pymode_rope_project_root'| to manually specify the project
root path. Pylint check is very slow
------------------------- In some projects pylint may check slowly, because it also scans imported
modules if possible. Try using another code checker: see
|'g:pymode_lint_checkers'|. You may set |exrc| and |secure| in your |vimrc| to auto-set custom settings
from `.vimrc` from your projects directories. OSX cannot import urandom
------------------------- See: https://groups.google.com/forum/?fromgroups=#!topic/vim_dev/2NXKF6kDONo The sequence of commands that fixed this:
> brew unlink python brew unlink macvim brew remove macvim brew install -v --force macvim brew link macvim brew link python
< ==============================================================================
7. Credits ~ *pymode-credits* Kirill Klenov http://klen.github.com/ http://github.com/klen/ Rope Copyright (C) 2006-2010 Ali Gholami Rudi Copyright (C) 2009-2010 Anton Gritsay Pylint Copyright (C) 2003-2011 LOGILAB S.A. (Paris, FRANCE). http://www.logilab.fr/ Pyflakes: Copyright (c) 2005 Divmod, Inc. http://www.divmod.com/ PEP8: Copyright (c) 2006 Johann C. Rocholl <johann@rocholl.net> http://github.com/jcrocholl/pep8 autopep8: Copyright (c) 2012 hhatto <hhatto.jp@gmail.com> https://github.com/hhatto/autopep8 Python syntax for vim: Copyright (c) 2010 Dmitry Vasiliev http://www.hlabs.spb.ru/vim/python.vim PEP8 VIM indentation Copyright (c) 2012 Hynek Schlawack <hs@ox.cx> http://github.com/hynek/vim-python-pep8-indent ==============================================================================
8. License ~ *pymode-license* Python-mode is released under the GNU lesser general public license.
See: http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/lesser.html If you like this plugin, you can send me a postcard :) My address is: "Russia, 143401, Krasnogorsk, Shkolnaya 1-19" to "Kirill
Klenov". Thanks for your support! ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ vim:tw=78:ts=8:ft=help:norl:

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